Recommendations for initial examination, differential diagnosis, and management of concussion and other head injuries in high-level football

Under the leadership of Dr Nina Feddermann-Demont, an international group of experts has published recommendations for the medical procedure after head injuries in football in the renowned Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports (Impact factor: 3.631). The publication is aimed at team physicians in high-level football, but also provides important information for the medical team in amateur football and other sports.
The systematic procedure includes seven stages from the initial on-pitch examination to the graduated Return-to-Football programme, and is illustrated by an overview flowchart. Details of the assessments and the consequences of different outcomes are described for each stage in the text, and important information is summarised in tables. Criteria for emergency management (red flags), removal from play (orange flags), and referral to specialists for further diagnosis and treatment (persistent orange flags) are provided. Finally, the general guidelines for returning to sport after a concussion are specified for football.
The publication is available for free download at Wiley.