Measures for relaxation
A variety of measures for relaxation are used for easing muscular tension. Jacobson’s progressive relaxation technique is based on the combination of tension and relaxation. Different muscle groups are tensed and then relaxed for short periods, one after the other. Relaxation of the muscles is to be a conscious process, whereby the muscles feel soft, loose and relaxed. After the exercises have been repeated, the relaxation that follows on from the tension is perceived and deepened progressively (more and more, over time).
Pain therapy using medication
The drug-based pain therapy has two components: prophylaxis (reduction of the frequency and duration of pain attacks) and therapy for attacks (reduction of the pain intensity during an attack). The therapeutic concepts for both components are built up step-wise. If possible, pain medication with a low side-effect profile should be used. Nutritional supplements may also be used as part of prophylaxis.